Jacqueline Marval by François Roussier

Titre Jacqueline Marval

It’s really impossible to omit Madame Jacqueline Marval’s art when speaking of the evolution of French painting at the beginning of this century. She is probably the painter who provided the greatest inspiration to the young “Fauve generation”, and so we must mention her innovative work.

"Jacqueline Marval" par Jules Flandrin - 1899

Oil on canvas : 0,46 x 0,38 m Private collection, Paris.

After long years of “purgatory”, we now see a rebirth for her and her famous contemporaries, who were often her friends.

She was born in 1866 at Quaix, near Grenoble, and she moved to Paris in 1895 to 9, rue Campagne Première in Montparnasse where she lived with a multitude of other artists.

Her beloved friend, the painter Jules Flandrin, was one of Gustave Moreau’s students. There she was also to meet Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Manguin, Kees Van Dongen, Camoin, Rouault, Charles Guérin…

On arriving in Paris, she lived the hard life of a streamstress, and took up painting in the late 1890’s.

The first great landmark in the career was in 1901 when she took part in the “Salon des Indépendants”.

Berthe Weill, Ambroise Vollard and Eugène Druet were all greatly interested in her works, buying them and arranging exhibitions in their galleries.

"L'Odalisque au Guépard" - 1901. Ancienne collection Oscar Ghez. Musée du Petit Palais à Genève

Oil on canvas, signed and dated 1901, (1 x 2 m).

Her independent mind, as well as her nature which was that of a cheerful and creative woman, set her apart from her contempories. After the world famous Modern Art exhibition of 1902, during which Matisse, Marquet, Flandrin and Marval’s paintings where exhibited for the first time, at Berthe Weill’s small gallery at 25 rue Victor Massé, she began a long, active and flourishing period marked by numerous exhibitions in Paris, Europe and the United States.

"Les Odalisques" Musée des Beaux-Arts de Grenoble

Salon des Indépendants de 1903 Oil on canvas, signed and dated 1902-03 (1,94 x 2,30 m)

While at the “Salon des Indépendants” in 1903, Matisse was stunned with admiration for Marval’s painting “ Les Odalisques “, which is now in the Musée de Grenoble.

In 1905, the painters Marquet and Manguin conpared their work with Jacqueline Marval’s as “good taste in front of her genious“, on a postcard they sent to her in 1905.
* Confidence imparted by Henri Matisse on a visit to Lucien Mainssieux’s studio and mentioned by the latter in his manuscripts, preserved at the Musée Mainssieux in Voiron, near Grenoble.

Cendrillon Rouge - Jacqueline Marval - Oil on canvas, signed, circa 1929 (1,16 x 0,90 m – 45 ½ in x 35 in) Private collection, Paris.

Oil on canvas, signed, circa 1929 (1,16 x 0,90 m – 45 ½ in x 35 in) Private collection, Paris.

Notre Dame - vers 1936 - Private Collection. Moscow Oil on canvas, (0,80 x 0,90 m – 31½ in x 35½ in)

Private Collection. Moscow Oil on canvas, (0,80 x 0,90 m – 31½ in x 35½ in)

Admired for her spontaneous and fine talent and for her great generosity and kindness towards friends and young talents, the parisian critics glorified her.

She lived amongst the flowers she painted in her “Belle Campagne” at 19 quai Saint-Michel, next to her friends Matisse and Marquet, where her windows opened on to Notre Dame or bridge Saint –Michel and where she lived in a fantasy world of never-ending youth.

She died in poverty in Paris in 1932 during the economic depression.

After the Second World War, the new art galleries tended to exhibit works by living artists – the great painters of the mid twentieth Century such as Picasso, Léger, Braque, Chagall, Matisse, Foujita, Laurencin, Utrillo, etc… – and the newer generation.

Twenty years after her death without an heir and after the closing of the Galerie Druet in 1938, Marval became forgotten.

François Roussier.
Chargé du Musée Mainssieux.
Voiron, Isère.